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UiPath Concepts and Tutorial

Introduction to UiPath

UiPath is one of the most popular RPA tools that offers end-to-end solutions to help organizations effectively automate repetitive and redundant tasks. UiPath is a leading RPA provider in the industry, providing advanced robotic power capabilities to organizations to automate their recurring business processes. RPA UiPath is an open platform tool, which provides hundreds of built-in, customizable integrations with multiple technologies such as ERP, BPM, and AI.

We can develop software robots (also called bots) using UiPath that mimic human actions and perform tasks just like a human would do. Unlike humans, bots produce rapid results without making errors. Thus, UiPath can help organizations to convert their boring, repetitive tasks into an automation process and allow humans to focus on other tasks that require human intelligence or intervention.

  • UiPath is primarily used to perform automation for Windows desktop tasks.
  • UiPath provides easy to use user interface with drag and drops support.
  • UiPath is used to automate redundant tasks and reduce/remove human intervention from such tasks.
  • UiPath provides a standard Studio version with all premium features which has a trial period of 60 days.
  • UiPath also has a Community Edition, which is free and includes most of the Studio version features.

About Robotic Process Automation Using UiPath Course

This course aims at making the learner familiar with the concepts of Robotic Process Automation. Robotic Process Automation eliminates the need for human intervention for performing repetitive, less complex tasks. This course elaborates on the features and benefits of using Robotic Process Automation techniques in businesses.

We give you a brief  introduction to UiPath along with a wide range of topics such as why use UiPath, history of UiPath, UiPath architecture, features of UiPath, products of UiPath, types of robots in UiPath, installation, etc.

Why use UiPath

uipath learnersThere are various automation tools such as Automation Anywhere, Blue Prism, Pega, etc. However, they are made according to industry standards, but UiPath has a slight advantage over them.

This is because when it comes to desktop automation, UiPath is most effective amongst them.

Some other key aspects that explain why we should prefer UiPath are listed below:

  • Desktop automation is a unique feature of UiPath compared to other automation tools.
  • UiPath can handle remote desktop applications easily.
  • Data handling processes and techniques are far better in UiPath as compared to the other automation tools.
  • UiPath is completely flexible and compatible with scraping techniques.
  • Writing logic and methods are better in UiPath when compared with other automation tools in the RPA market.

UiPath Architecture

The architecture has mainly three UiPath components – UiPath Studio, UiPath Orchestrator, and UiPath Robot, along with the database servers and the browser components:

  • UiPath Studio is a GUI based dashboard used to create automation workflow for the tasks to be automated.
  • The software robots or bots are used to execute the automated steps or activities as specified.
  • Orchestrator is the medium that acts as the interface between UiPath Studio and software robots. It helps to manage the automation tasks.

uipath architecture learnerscoach

The architecture can be classified in the following two parts:

  • Client-side and server-side detailing
  • Three Layered detailing

Client-side and Server Side Detailing

Here, the term client-side includes such components of UiPath that can be directly accessed by the user or developer. It generally includes UiPath Studio, Robot, Browser, and UiPath Agent.

Besides, the server-side includes the backend tasks of UiPath. When a user creates activities or workflows, they are stored in the databases. UiPath orchestrator selects the appropriate functions and instructs the software robots to perform the specified tasks as per the code. Also, the logs and stats of the robots are part of the backend. Logs are helpful for analyzing the performance of robots and find errors.

Three Layered Detailing

The architecture of UiPath can be explained by classifying the components into the following three layers:

Client Layer: The client layer consists of those components of UiPath that are assessable to the users. For example, UiPath Studio, Robots, Browsers, UiPath agent, and executors. By using these components, a user or a developer can design and develop various tasks to be automated. The tasks can be executed with the help of software robots. This layer is also known as the presentation layer.

The UiPath robot contains the following two components:

  • UiPath Agent Service: In UiPath, this service acts as the mediator between the client-side and the server-side of UiPath. All the details and information are communicated over the agent. Also, the messages are logged into the Orchestrator and then transferred to the SQL server.
    The service can also be used to check all the available tasks in the system tray. Additionally, it can modify system settings and allow existing tasks to start/stop.
  • UiPath Executor Service: This service is used by software robots to execute the specified tasks under a Windows session.

Server Layer: This is the second and most important layer of UiPath architecture. All server details are displayed in the server layer. The server layer mainly includes the UiPath Orchestrator. When the robots are completely developed to execute the tasks, the entire project can be uploaded on the server. The project can be executed on multiple systems with the help of an Orchestrator.

The Orchestrator controls the entire project. It monitors project activities, schedules software robots for execution, and generates summarized reports based on filtered requirements. It helps to orchestrate software robots to continue executing repetitive tasks. With its web-based management system, it helps our project to meet project requirement, service levels and timelines.

Persistency Layer: This layer mainly consists of database servers. All the configuration details of the robots are stored in this layer. The configuration details include different user’s data, their respective robots, assigned tasks, logging information, and asset details, etc. All these details are entered by the users in the Orchestrator.

Besides, the persistency layer is also responsible to keep the log details updated by the UiPath agent services. These logs are stored in elastic search. The logs are mainly helpful for finding errors and rectify them. The process-level data is generally stored in the relational database management systems such as SQL Server. This makes searching for logs easier from the huge quantity of data.

The persistency layer also takes care of queues and the tasks in queues.

Products of UiPath

UiPath includes some other products that provide different features and functionalities to work with the tool efficiently. The tool mainly offers the following three products:

UiPath Studio: UiPath studio is a user-friendly interface within the tool that allows users to plan and design different automation processes visually with the help of diagrams. These diagrams are noting but a structural representation of particular tasks to be performed.

UiPath Robot: Once the process is designed, the next step is to execute the same within the UiPath studio. To execute the entire process, UiPath Robots are used to convert the processes into a task. These robots are used to assign different steps and execute them in the same way as human but without any human intervention. UiPath robots are designed to automatically start executing tasks when a defined activity occurs on the machine.

UiPath Orchestrator: In UiPath, the Orchestrator is a web-based application. It provides options to deploy, monitor, schedule, and control software bots and processes. It is a centralized platform used to control/manage all software bots.

products learnerscoach

Types of Bots in UiPath

UiPath has mainly two types of bots (robots), such as Attended Robots and Unattended Robots:

Attended Robots

Attended robots operate on the corresponding workstation as humans, which helps users get their regular tasks done. These types of robots are usually triggered by user events. They cannot be used to start any task from Orchestrator or when a screen is locked. Such robots can only be started from the Robot tray or by using a specific command in Command Prompt. Attended robots should be run only when they are under human supervision.

As per the licensing types, Attended robots can be further classified into the following types:

  • Attended: They can work on the same workstation as a person and are usually launched through user events.
  • Studio: They are used to connect Studio to Orchestrator for further development process.
  • StudioX: They are used to connect StudioX to Orchestrator for further development process.
  • StudioPro: They are used to connect StudioPro to Orchestrator for further development process.

Unattended Robots

Unattended robots are usually referred to as autonomous robots that do not require human supervision while executing tasks. These types of robots work in virtual environments and can automate several tasks at once. They consist of all the capabilities of attended robots. They are also responsible for other tasks like remote execution, monitoring, scheduling, and offering support for process queue.

Unattended robots can execute any type of process, task, and test cases. When they are used to run parallel processes, each of the existing processes consumes a separate license.

As per the licensing types, Unattended robots can be further classified into the following types:

  • Unattended: They can work in virtual environments automating many tasks without human supervision.
  • NonProduction: They are used in an unattended mode for the further development process. These types of robots cannot run test-cases.
  • Testing: They are used in an unattended mode for the further testing process. These types of robots can only be used to execute test-cases.

UiPath Features

uipath features learnerscoach

UiPath has several features and functionalities, such as:

Hosting Options: UiPath can be easily hosted on cloud environments and virtual terminals, making this tool flexible with cloud platforms.

Application Compatibility: Because of greater compatibility with web and desktop applications, UiPath supports a wide range of applications and activities. Having both web and desktop applications include more benefits for automation.

Centralized Repository: Because of the centralized repository, multiple users can handle or control software robots simultaneously.

Security: Security is one of the leading features of UiPath. UiPath has included many security features and continuously adding more through frequent updates:

  • UiPath includes settings for account lockout that protects users from brute force attacks.
  • If the user logs in across different machines, the tool will automatically detect and end the previous login session. It means that the same login credentials can stay active in a single system at a time, which increases security.
  • UiPath restricts the auto-submission of data across web browsers for all of the orchestrator credentials input boxes. This feature protects user data and improves overall security.
  • UiPath has implemented stealth mode that can be used to execute tasks in the background. This hides the execution from the screen and executes the tasks silently.

Advanced Screen Scraping Solution: UiPath has advanced screen scraping feature that can work with various applications such as Java, SAP, .Net, Flash, PDF, etc. With advanced screen scraping solutions, users can achieve maximum possible accuracy than other automation tools present in the market.

Reliable tool for Modeling Business Processes: UiPath offers several reliable tools to increase automation capabilities and excellence with model business processes.

Scalability and Robustness: The tool is robust and scalable and comes with:

  • Efficient and effective debugging support and exception handling systems.
  • Artificial intelligence handling for regular applications such as excel, PDFs, Outlook tasks, etc.

Robotic Process Automation Training using UiPath

Edureka’s Robotic Process Automation training using UiPath will prepare you for UiPath’s RPA Developer Advanced Certification Exam so that you can drive RPA initiatives in your organization.

You will master the key concepts while designing an RPA solution using UiPath, perform Image and Text automation, create RPA Bots, perform Data Manipulation, handle exceptions and build a solution using REFramework using real-life case studies. Master RPA with Edureka and secure high-paying RPA jobs.

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Why should you take Robotic Process Automation using UiPath?

  1. According to Gartner, the RPA market will reach $1 billion by 2025. By that time, 40 percent of large enterprises will have adopted an RPA software tool as compared to today’s share of enterprises which is less than 10 percent
  2. A 2016 report by McKinsey and Co. predicts that the Robotic Process Automation market could be worth $6.7 trillion by 2030
  3. A global dairy company used RPA to automate the processing and validation of delivery claims, reduced goodwill write-offs by USD 7.1 million

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